Event Summarization using Tweets

Author: Deepayan Chakrabarti ; Kunal Punera
Publication Date: 2011

Abstract

Abstract:
Twitter has become exceedingly popular, with hundreds of millions of tweets being posted every day on a wide variety of topics. This has helped make real-time search applications possible with leading search engines routinely displaying relevant tweets in response to user queries. Recent research has shown that a considerable fraction of these tweets are about ``events'', and the detection of novel events in the tweet-stream has attracted a lot of research interest. However, very little research has focused on properly displaying this real-time information about events. For instance, the leading search engines simply display all tweets matching the queries in reverse
chronological order. In this paper we argue that for some highly structured and recurring events, such as sports, it is better to use more sophisticated techniques to summarize the relevant tweets. We formalize the problem of summarizing event-tweets and give a solution based on learning the underlying hidden state representation of the event via Hidden Markov Models. In addition, through extensive experiments on real-world data we show that our model significantly outperforms some intuitive and competitive baselines.

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